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Annually published UNWTO Tourism Highlights last edition has been released on the 27th September in 2009.
@ 04-21-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

[UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2009 Edition Has Been Released on the 27th of September, 2009 !]

UNWTO (earlier known as WTO) annually publishes UNWTO Tourism Highlights and the latest edition has been realised on the 27th pf September which is the World Tourism Day.

Maybe some of you wonder what is UNWTO Tourism Highlights is and for those who wonder, here are a brief description and aims of UNWTO Tourism Highlights from UNWTO's official perspective;

Tourism Highlights aims to provide a consolidated set of key figures and trends for international tourism in the year prior to its date of publication. The 2009 Edition presents in 12 pages a snapshot of international tourism in the world for 2008 based on the latest available information collected from national sources. Trends and results are analysed for the world, regions and major regional destinations, with statistics included on international tourist arrivals and international tourism receipts. Furthermore, it provides the ranking of top tourism destinations by arrivals and receipts, as well as information on outbound tourism generating regions and a list of top source markets in terms of spending.

Quoted from UNWTO Tourism Barometer September 2009 - Interim Update



UNWTO Tourism Highlights - 2009 has been published in 3 other languages as English, Spanish and French.


Also you do not need to pay for this useful resource ! It can be downloaded from UNWTO Web site as PDF file in 3 languages. To download UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2009 For Free, here is a direct link of English Version of the collection:


Low Resolution (928 KB)


High Resolution (3,34 Mb)


I also believe that every tourism student or expert needs the facts and figures of the tourism sector and UNWTO is a great resource for those. Here is the link that you can find bunch of resources which are worth digging in:

This article on Congress Tousrism is Written By Tugberk Ugurlu In 2008 for the project assignment of Tourism And Environment Lecture at Mugla University In 2008
@ 04-17-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

'Tourism And Environment Project Assignment / School Of Tourism And Hospitality Management - Mugla University, 2008'


Tourism is one of the fastest running industries in the global and congress tourism is a part of tourism industry fostering tourism development worldwide and it enables tourism to be sustainable. The tourism industry can be divided into leisure tourism and business tourism and congress tourism represents the business part.

Congress tourism might be regarded as business tourism and there is not one commonly used definition for business tourism but ICCA (International Congress and Convention Association) uses this definition:

”Business tourism is the provision of facilities and services to the millions of delegates who annually attend meetings, congresses, exhibitions, business events, incentive travels and corporate hospitality”.

According to the report issued by ICCA, delegates that attended international meetings spent 1800 dollars per person in 2006. Also according to UIA (Union of International Associates), every year approximately 900 congresses are organized in 218 different countries. 75 millions people travel via these congresses. Tourism income in the World is nearly 560 billions and congress tourism accounts for 30 % of this income.

Bordering benefits of congress tourism on the way of these figures is not a right way to find out what congress tourism provides to a country. In addition to that, huge congresses come with organizations and big, irreplaceable advertisement opportunities that are no paid to your country because in this kind of tourism activity you have a chance to bring very elite and famous brands and people to your country. By this way, name of your country can be heard with these famous brands and people in the presence of the World.

As you can understand, congress tourism has a tangible effect on the economic of a tourism country.


In term of congress tourism, Turkey is a magnificent and suitable place to organize meetings. History and cultural heritage, Turkey is an amazing possibilities world. Turkey provides richness of first class hotels, resort and conference facilities. In Turkey, Istanbul is the first choice for meetings now and Izmir and Antalya fallow Istanbul with their high class hotels.

Since the dawn of the time, Istanbul has been a meeting place of the people from different religions and cultures. It has a proven infrastructure in order to receive the world.

In Turkey, congress tourism plays an effective role for alternative tourism. That is estimated as 300 dollars that a tourist spends for a costal tourism activity but this figure is over 1800 dollars in congress tourism. Its efficiency is much more than the other tourism activities as well. Tourism income from congress tourism according to the report of ICCA. It means that a tourist spends more 1500 dollars if s/he travels for business.

On the other hand, there is no enough congress centers that enables to organize so serious, big conferences and meetings except Lütfü KΔ±rdar Congress and Exhibition Centre although Istanbul is situated in an ideal area with its natural and cultural beauties.

Turkey has luxury hotels with meeting rooms and they nearly constitute whole congress supply. Some of them are below:




Sungate Port Royal



Maritime Pine Beach



Fame Residence Lara



Kervansaray Lara



Limak Atlantis Hotel



Wow Kremlin Palace



Adam & Eve Hotel



Resort Dedeman Antalya



Pegasos Hotel & Convention Center



La Chateau De Prestige



Rixos Premium (Belek)



Grand Cevahir Hotel & Covetion Center



Swiss The Bosphorus



Sheraton Istanbul Maslak



Swissotel Grand Efes Izmir



Crowne Plaza Izmir



Sheraton Cesme



La Blanche Resort & Spa



Concorde De Luxe Resort



Now, Turkey is on the way of developing in term of congress tourism and Turkey needs:

  • New convention centers;
  • Technical and financial support in term of advertising and marketing;
  • A good planning system for congress tourism.


As well as the relationship between congress tourism and economic, environment concerns congress tourism deeply. At first glance, that seems environment doesn’t have an important effect on congress tourism. Basically, this effect is not as high as coastal tourism but it cannot be ignored that environmental resources are needed on congress tourism as well, especially artificial environment.

Congress tourism can develop in areas which have so strong infrastructure and superstructure where high technologies can be used. First of all, a city should have a strong communication and transportation system and it is so obvious that the city need to be capable of providing air transportation easily.

In Turkey Istanbul has a modern and colorful airport opened only five years ago. State of the art technology was used at its construction. Apart from Turkish Airlines 50 other airlines have daily flights to Istanbul from 70 international cities. The average flying time to reach Istanbul is only between 2, 5 – 3 hours from all major cities of Europe, Middle-East and North Africa. The flying time to Istanbul is 9 hours and from Tokyo is 11 hours.

Artificial environment is so important for meetings and this kind of environment should be capable of providing every kind of technical facilities. In order to provide these technical facilities, this artificial environment needs to be equipped with high technology.

These equipments are constituted with:

  • Table microphone
  • Cordless & wired potable microphone
  • Simultaneous translation system
  • Slide projector
  • Flipchart
  • Lamination system
  • Sound and video recording system
  • Projector screen
  • Overhead projector, internet connection
  • Lectern

Each equipment is a part of this artificial environment and each one is needed for a perfect presentation.

Not only artificial environment but in addition socio cultural environment plays a fundamental role in any process of congress tourism. Socio cultural structure of the city, the nightlife of the city, shopping facilities in the city, history of the city and museums can have an effective influence on congress tourism, for delegates come to a different city to not only deal with their works and be interested in conferences, but also get to know a new city and culture and entertain.

In this mini article, you will find the Comprehensive, Exact Definition Of Tourist !
@ 04-16-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

Who Is Tourist, Definition Of Tourist - 1

The person who is supposed to leave his/her hometown in order to visit a diffirent area for the purpose of leaving an experience of shopping, entertaining, visiting, cultural & historical attractives having fun and so on the condition that (subject to) she/he should return to his/her own place, stay no longer than 12 months, make use of a tourist activitiy and spend his/her on money.

Who Is Tourist, Definition Of Tourist - 2

A person who is supposed to leave his/her hometown (permanent placae) on temproray, basis fort he purpose of seaking new experiences, having fun & entertaining, doing sports, seeing cultural & historical places (attractives) etc. On the condition that she/he should stay no less than 1 day and no longer than 12 months, make use of a tourist facility for accomodation and spend her/his own Money trough their holiday.

After you read this article, you will be able to use the 'Switch Case' Function on your C# Projects. This function becomes so handy with DropDownList & RadioButtonList !
@ 04-16-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

C# Switch Case function is the same with Select Case function in Visual Basic. It is usually used along with DropDownLists or RadioButtonLists. We wiil demostrate a function here with s dropdownlist.

Switch Case function enables us to run what we need to run in a case that we want. After the demonstration, you will exactly see what it means !

Code Sample


1- Firstly, put the below code into the body section of your page;


2- And then, As you can see, we appointed 'DropDownList1_SelectedIndexChanged' to run on DropDownList's SelectedIndexChanged. So on our code page we will use the below code;

protected void DropDownList1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
          switch(DropDownList1.SelectedValue) {

                  case "1":
                          Label1.Text = "DropDownList Value = 1";
                  case "2":
                          Label1.Text = "DropDownList Value = 2";
                          Label1.Text = "None Of Them";


That's It ! Of course, we can give so many examples on switch case function but this is pretty much it is !

On our example when we select the item which has the value '1' on our dropdownlist, Label1's Text will be "DropDownList Value = 1" and on value '2' it will be "DropDownList Value = 2"

As you can see we added the below code at the end of our switch case function;

                          Label1.Text = "None Of Them";

It reffers that when an item which is not indicated as a case is selected, the fuction will run this value !

I hope it gives you an idea on C# (C Sharp) Switch Case Function !


Update on 2010-12-01 12:53:57

In order to use switch case with Enum type in C#, follow the following instructions;


    public enum MyEnum {

        enum1 = 1,
        enum2 = 2,
        enum3 = 3


        public static string EnumSwitchCaseTry(MyEnum myenum) {

            switch (myenum) 
                case MyEnum.enum1:
                    //Do whatever you need to do

                case MyEnum.enum2:
                    //Do whatever you need to do

                case MyEnum.enum3:
                    //Do whatever you need to do






This article will give you an idea to validate a checkbox in ASP.Net 3.5 ! It is so easy to implement and so handy to use !
@ 04-06-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

As you know, ASP.Net has bunch of useful validation controls and they realy make our project so easy in terms of validations. But ASP.Net doesn't have any control to validate a check box !

There are lots of way to validate a check box and here you will find out some of them.


  1. First create a new page called checkbox.aspx and then paste this code into your new page head section;

    <script runat="server" language="vbscript">

        Sub CustomValidator1_ServerValidate(ByVal source As Object, ByVal args As ServerValidateEventArgs)

            args.IsValid = (Privacy1.Checked = True)

        End Sub


        Sub ValidateCheckBox()

            If CheckBox1.Checked = False Then

                Label1.Visible = True


                Label1.Visible = False

                'here is your function that you want to run after the checkbox is checked !

            End If

        End Sub


  2. And then paste the below code into the body section of your page;


<asp:CheckBox ID="Privacy1" runat="server" />

<br /><br />

<asp:CustomValidator ID="CustomValidator1" runat="server" OnServerValidate="CustomValidator1_ServerValidate">Please Check The Checkbox First !</asp:CustomValidator>

<br /><br />

<asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Button" /></div>

<br /><br />


<asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" /><br /><br />

<asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" style="color: Red;" Visible="false" Text="Please Check The Checkbox First !" />

<br /><br />

<asp:Button ID="Button2" CausesValidation="false" OnClick="ValidateCheckBox" runat="server" Text="Button" />


That's it ! Now you have two kinds of CheckBox RequiredFieldValidator. When you run the page and click one of the buttons, you will see that the checkbox will have a Required Field Validator. We can do that via Custon Validator Control on ASP.Net 3.5 Toolbar on the first examples and on the second one we are able to that manually !

I hope It helps :)

Hi πŸ™‹πŸ»β€β™‚οΈ I'm Tugberk Ugurlu.
Coder πŸ‘¨πŸ»β€πŸ’», Speaker πŸ—£, Author πŸ“š, Microsoft MVP πŸ•Έ, Blogger πŸ’», Software Engineering at Deliveroo πŸ•πŸœπŸŒ―, F1 fan πŸŽπŸš€, Loves travelling πŸ›«πŸ›¬
Lives in Cambridge, UK 🏑