Filtered by Tag (tourism)
Under this article, you will find some useful terms which are used in toursim industry, especially in Cogress Toursim. Tourism Glossary / Tourism Dictionary...
@ 05-19-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

Here is some of toursim terms which are being used by professionals. Those worrds are mostly used in Congress, Convention Tourism industry;

Toursim Glossary - 1

: Last-minute name additions to a hotel reservation list.
Adjoining Rooms
: Two or more side-by-side rooms.
After Departure Charges
: Also called “Late Charges”, including restaurant, mini-bar, telephone and similar charges made by guests but not posted to their folios until after checkout. In many cases where a credit card has been run through, a supplemental bill will be mailed to the guest.
On Avilability Basis
: Convention reservation received after the cut-off date for the room block.
ADR (Average Dail Rate)
: The total room revenue for a particular day, divided by the number of occupied rooms.
: A pre-arranged and usually formal dinner for a specific group.
Breakout Rooms
: Small meeting facilities, generally accommodating from 10 to 50 persons, which are used for discussions following a general session.
Commercial Hotel
: A property whose primary market is the individual business traveller.
Company-Made Reservations
: A reservation made for a business traveller by the company or firm, rather than directly by the individual.
Conference Center
: A facility which specializes in conferences and meetings, requiring heavy use of audiovisuals and sophisticated room style arrangements.
Annually published UNWTO Tourism Highlights last edition has been released on the 27th September in 2009.
@ 04-21-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

[UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2009 Edition Has Been Released on the 27th of September, 2009 !]

UNWTO (earlier known as WTO) annually publishes UNWTO Tourism Highlights and the latest edition has been realised on the 27th pf September which is the World Tourism Day.

Maybe some of you wonder what is UNWTO Tourism Highlights is and for those who wonder, here are a brief description and aims of UNWTO Tourism Highlights from UNWTO's official perspective;

Tourism Highlights aims to provide a consolidated set of key figures and trends for international tourism in the year prior to its date of publication. The 2009 Edition presents in 12 pages a snapshot of international tourism in the world for 2008 based on the latest available information collected from national sources. Trends and results are analysed for the world, regions and major regional destinations, with statistics included on international tourist arrivals and international tourism receipts. Furthermore, it provides the ranking of top tourism destinations by arrivals and receipts, as well as information on outbound tourism generating regions and a list of top source markets in terms of spending.

Quoted from UNWTO Tourism Barometer September 2009 - Interim Update



UNWTO Tourism Highlights - 2009 has been published in 3 other languages as English, Spanish and French.


Also you do not need to pay for this useful resource ! It can be downloaded from UNWTO Web site as PDF file in 3 languages. To download UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2009 For Free, here is a direct link of English Version of the collection:


Low Resolution (928 KB)


High Resolution (3,34 Mb)


I also believe that every tourism student or expert needs the facts and figures of the tourism sector and UNWTO is a great resource for those. Here is the link that you can find bunch of resources which are worth digging in:

This article on Congress Tousrism is Written By Tugberk Ugurlu In 2008 for the project assignment of Tourism And Environment Lecture at Mugla University In 2008
@ 04-17-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

'Tourism And Environment Project Assignment / School Of Tourism And Hospitality Management - Mugla University, 2008'


Tourism is one of the fastest running industries in the global and congress tourism is a part of tourism industry fostering tourism development worldwide and it enables tourism to be sustainable. The tourism industry can be divided into leisure tourism and business tourism and congress tourism represents the business part.

Congress tourism might be regarded as business tourism and there is not one commonly used definition for business tourism but ICCA (International Congress and Convention Association) uses this definition:

”Business tourism is the provision of facilities and services to the millions of delegates who annually attend meetings, congresses, exhibitions, business events, incentive travels and corporate hospitality”.

According to the report issued by ICCA, delegates that attended international meetings spent 1800 dollars per person in 2006. Also according to UIA (Union of International Associates), every year approximately 900 congresses are organized in 218 different countries. 75 millions people travel via these congresses. Tourism income in the World is nearly 560 billions and congress tourism accounts for 30 % of this income.

Bordering benefits of congress tourism on the way of these figures is not a right way to find out what congress tourism provides to a country. In addition to that, huge congresses come with organizations and big, irreplaceable advertisement opportunities that are no paid to your country because in this kind of tourism activity you have a chance to bring very elite and famous brands and people to your country. By this way, name of your country can be heard with these famous brands and people in the presence of the World.

As you can understand, congress tourism has a tangible effect on the economic of a tourism country.


In term of congress tourism, Turkey is a magnificent and suitable place to organize meetings. History and cultural heritage, Turkey is an amazing possibilities world. Turkey provides richness of first class hotels, resort and conference facilities. In Turkey, Istanbul is the first choice for meetings now and Izmir and Antalya fallow Istanbul with their high class hotels.

Since the dawn of the time, Istanbul has been a meeting place of the people from different religions and cultures. It has a proven infrastructure in order to receive the world.

In Turkey, congress tourism plays an effective role for alternative tourism. That is estimated as 300 dollars that a tourist spends for a costal tourism activity but this figure is over 1800 dollars in congress tourism. Its efficiency is much more than the other tourism activities as well. Tourism income from congress tourism according to the report of ICCA. It means that a tourist spends more 1500 dollars if s/he travels for business.

On the other hand, there is no enough congress centers that enables to organize so serious, big conferences and meetings except Lütfü KΔ±rdar Congress and Exhibition Centre although Istanbul is situated in an ideal area with its natural and cultural beauties.

Turkey has luxury hotels with meeting rooms and they nearly constitute whole congress supply. Some of them are below:




Sungate Port Royal



Maritime Pine Beach



Fame Residence Lara



Kervansaray Lara



Limak Atlantis Hotel



Wow Kremlin Palace



Adam & Eve Hotel



Resort Dedeman Antalya



Pegasos Hotel & Convention Center



La Chateau De Prestige



Rixos Premium (Belek)



Grand Cevahir Hotel & Covetion Center



Swiss The Bosphorus



Sheraton Istanbul Maslak



Swissotel Grand Efes Izmir



Crowne Plaza Izmir



Sheraton Cesme



La Blanche Resort & Spa



Concorde De Luxe Resort



Now, Turkey is on the way of developing in term of congress tourism and Turkey needs:

  • New convention centers;
  • Technical and financial support in term of advertising and marketing;
  • A good planning system for congress tourism.


As well as the relationship between congress tourism and economic, environment concerns congress tourism deeply. At first glance, that seems environment doesn’t have an important effect on congress tourism. Basically, this effect is not as high as coastal tourism but it cannot be ignored that environmental resources are needed on congress tourism as well, especially artificial environment.

Congress tourism can develop in areas which have so strong infrastructure and superstructure where high technologies can be used. First of all, a city should have a strong communication and transportation system and it is so obvious that the city need to be capable of providing air transportation easily.

In Turkey Istanbul has a modern and colorful airport opened only five years ago. State of the art technology was used at its construction. Apart from Turkish Airlines 50 other airlines have daily flights to Istanbul from 70 international cities. The average flying time to reach Istanbul is only between 2, 5 – 3 hours from all major cities of Europe, Middle-East and North Africa. The flying time to Istanbul is 9 hours and from Tokyo is 11 hours.

Artificial environment is so important for meetings and this kind of environment should be capable of providing every kind of technical facilities. In order to provide these technical facilities, this artificial environment needs to be equipped with high technology.

These equipments are constituted with:

  • Table microphone
  • Cordless & wired potable microphone
  • Simultaneous translation system
  • Slide projector
  • Flipchart
  • Lamination system
  • Sound and video recording system
  • Projector screen
  • Overhead projector, internet connection
  • Lectern

Each equipment is a part of this artificial environment and each one is needed for a perfect presentation.

Not only artificial environment but in addition socio cultural environment plays a fundamental role in any process of congress tourism. Socio cultural structure of the city, the nightlife of the city, shopping facilities in the city, history of the city and museums can have an effective influence on congress tourism, for delegates come to a different city to not only deal with their works and be interested in conferences, but also get to know a new city and culture and entertain.

In this mini article, you will find the Comprehensive, Exact Definition Of Tourist !
@ 04-16-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

Who Is Tourist, Definition Of Tourist - 1

The person who is supposed to leave his/her hometown in order to visit a diffirent area for the purpose of leaving an experience of shopping, entertaining, visiting, cultural & historical attractives having fun and so on the condition that (subject to) she/he should return to his/her own place, stay no longer than 12 months, make use of a tourist activitiy and spend his/her on money.

Who Is Tourist, Definition Of Tourist - 2

A person who is supposed to leave his/her hometown (permanent placae) on temproray, basis fort he purpose of seaking new experiences, having fun & entertaining, doing sports, seeing cultural & historical places (attractives) etc. On the condition that she/he should stay no less than 1 day and no longer than 12 months, make use of a tourist facility for accomodation and spend her/his own Money trough their holiday.

After this article, you'll have an idea on definition of tourism. Also the article includes the UNWTO definition of tourism.
@ 03-30-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu

The Definition of Tourism varies source by source, person by person. There is no consensus concerning the definition of tourism. Nearly every each institution define "Tourism" differently. But When it comes to explain it with the basic terms, we can sum it up as follows;

"Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries which deliver a travel experience comprising transportation, accommodation, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses and othe hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home"

"The sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host goverments and host communities in the process of attracting and hostin these tourists and other visitors"

Macintosh and Goeldner


First Definition for Tourism


The first definition of tourism was made by Guyer Feuler in 1905.



UNWTO Definition of Tourism

In order to prevent the disaccords to define "Tourism", UNWTO defined it as indicated below;

"Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes."

Tourism is different from travel. In order for tourism to happen, there must be a displacement: an individual has to travel, using any type of means of transportation (he might even travel on foot: nowadays, it is often the case for poorer societies, and happens even in more developed ones, and concerns pilgrims, hikers …). But all travel is not tourism.

Three criteria are used simultaneously in order to characterize a trip as belonging to tourism. The displacement must be such that;

  • It involves a displacement outside the usual environment: this term is of utmost importance and will be discussed later on;
  • Type of purpose: the travel must occur for any purpose different from being remunerated from within the place visited: the previous limits, where tourism was restricted to recreation and visiting family and friends are now expanded to include a vast array of purposes;
  • Duration: only a maximal duration is mentioned, not a minimal. Tourism displacement can be with or without an overnight stay. We shall discuss the particularity of in transit visits, from a conceptual and statistical point of view.

Hi πŸ™‹πŸ»β€β™‚οΈ I'm Tugberk Ugurlu.
Coder πŸ‘¨πŸ»β€πŸ’», Speaker πŸ—£, Author πŸ“š, Microsoft MVP πŸ•Έ, Blogger πŸ’», Software Engineering at Deliveroo πŸ•πŸœπŸŒ―, F1 fan πŸŽπŸš€, Loves travelling πŸ›«πŸ›¬
Lives in Cambridge, UK 🏑