In terms of its geographical location, Turkey has been being centre of travelers for ages. In this post, I tried to lay out the tourism history of turkey...
@ 05-22-2010
by Tugberk Ugurlu


'Tourism Management Project Assignment / International Tourism Management Collage, ITM Collage, Semmering - Austria, 2008'


Turkey should be separated into 2 parts asbefore and after the Republic of Turkey. During the period of Ottoman Empire, Orient Express can be practically regarded as an activity which enabled tourismto be born in Turkey. Railway was the most useful way to travel and it was theonly tourism infrastructure at those times.

In 1923, Republic of Turkey was founded andtourism began to change as the society of Turkey transformed into new, modernsociety. Some guilds related to tourism began to be established. Another bigstep was the foundation of Turkish Airlines in 1925. Tourism evidently developed until the World War II. During the World War II, tourism in Turkey was affected as happened in the other countries.

After the World War II, tourism industry began to be concerned governmentally. A new legislation in order to stimulate entrepreneurs to invest on tourism by giving credit with very low interest was come into force. There is no doubt that it would affect the whole tourism industry within following years.

Foundation of TÜRSAB (Association of Turkish Travel Agencies) enabled tourism industry to get organized easier. Nevertheless industry did not have a legislation which rules the sector. Because of that the Law of  Travel Agencies and The  Association of Travel Agencies was put into action in 1972.

Also, airports were being constructed andterminals upgraded to handle ever-growing passenger traffic. Several maritimeports were either under construction or being planned to relieve congestionaround Turkey's industrial and commercial centers within those periods. As the superstructure side, numbers of accommodation establishments was increasing andnew travel agencies was opening.

Turkey is destination of mostly leisure travelers, business travelers and sightseeing travelers. Coastal tourism is much more developed than the other tourism fields. Turkey has been a centre of sightseeing travelers through wealth of its historical sites.


THE FACTS AND FIGURES

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
International Tourist Arrivals (1000)
10,652
12,782
13,341
16,826
20,273
18,916
22,248
International Tourism Receipts (Million US$ )
8,597
9,010
13,203
15,888
18,152
16,853
-


1995

2000

2003

2004

2005

2006

Tourism Expenditure (Billion - US $)

0,9

1,7

2,1

2,5

2,9

2,7

 


2005

2006

2007

Hotel Performance in Istanbul (Occupancy %)

74,6

71,2

73,8

*These figureswere taken from UNWTO Barometers published 3 times within a year.





Hi 🙋🏻‍♂️ I'm Tugberk Ugurlu.
Coder 👨🏻‍💻, Speaker 🗣, Author 📚, Microsoft MVP 🕸, Blogger 💻, Software Engineering at Deliveroo 🍕🍜🌯, F1 fan 🏎🚀, Loves travelling 🛫🛬
Lives in Cambridge, UK 🏡